The Personal Officer will complete a Positive Futures Plan (PFP) with all children and young people. This is a strengths-based information gathering tool focusing on how the child or young person will spend their time in custody working towards release.
An individual support plan will be developed, which will be realised through engagement with a variety of services including programmes staff, parenting officers, family contact officers, educationalists, youth work, counselling and third sector partners. The support plan will be shared with the Lead Professional and should form part of the Child's Plan.
Integrated Case Management (ICM) is a process where other agencies work with the Scottish Prison Service (SPS) to give children or young people in custody help and support to deal with their social or personal difficulties so that they are less likely to reoffend when they are released.
All children and young people are managed under ICM but are separated into categories according to sentence type or length:
- A voluntary system for children and young people serving sentences of less than four years with no post-release statutory supervision
- The individual support plan will be completed within six weeks and presented to the multi-agency Case Management Board (CMB) who will ratify the plan, oversee compliance and ensure the young person has a robust support plan for returning to their community
- This will be monitored by the Personal Officer and Young Offender Institution (YOI) staff in the Standard ICM team, with the support plan updated as required
- For children and young people serving over four years or with post-release supervision directed by the court
- The PFP will be completed and within six months of admission an initial case conference will take place involving the Personal Officer, Lead Professional, prison-based social work and Enhanced Case Co-ordinators to discuss and plan for the young person’s intended outcomes over the next year and how areas of need and risk can be addressed
- A risk assessment will be completed by prison-based social work and updated annually
For those few children and young people in HMP & YOI Cornton Vale and Grampian, similar processes are adopted.
For children and young people subject to an Order for Lifelong Restriction (OLR)
During the child or young person’s sentence, the Scottish Prison Service (SPS) act as the Lead Authority. The child or young person must have a Case Manager from the YOI who is responsible for undertaking risk assessments and preparing the Risk Management Plan (RMP). The RMP must be prepared by the Lead Authority and submitted to the Risk Management Authority for approval within nine months of sentence.
Families often want to be aware of the child or young person’s throughcare plans and may be able to provide support.
- For Standard ICM/STCM: families can be made aware of a child or young person’s progress
- For Enhanced ICM: the child or young person is involved in the case conferences and a family member should be invited. This requires the child or young person’s consent. Both the child or young person and the family member may not understand the reason for the family member attending. Family members may also face practical difficulties in attending.
The Good Practice Guidance for the Support of Families Affected by Imprisonment suggests that:
- Families should automatically be invited to ICM case conferences unless there are clear and evidenced reasons not to do so
- Invitations to case conferences should explain clearly the ICM process and whom to contact with any queries
- SPS should consider the notice and timing of meetings to maximise attendance and promote the Assisted Prison Visits Scheme for help with costs (including childcare expenses)
- SPS should offer support to family members following case conferences and ensure copies of the notes are shared, regardless of whether family members were able to attend
Resources for this page
- Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 2003
- Families Outside: Integrated Case Management (ICM) Information Sheet
- Families Outside Travel and transport to Scottish prisons, and help with travel expenses
- ICM Practice Guidance Manual
- Risk Management Authority
- Cameron, J., Broderick, R. and Carnie, J. (2018). Prisoner Survey Young People in Custody 2017. Edinburgh: SPS.
- Criminal Justice Family Support Network. (2015). Good Practice Guidance for the Support of Families Affected by Imprisonment. Edinburgh: Families Outside.
- HM Inspectorate of Prisons for Scotland. (2019). Report on Expert Review of Provision of Mental Health Services HMP YOI Polmont. Edinburgh: HMIPS.
- HM Inspectorate of Prisons for Scotland. (2019). Report on Full Inspection of HMP YOI Polmont – 29 October to 2 November 2019. Edinburgh: HMIPS.
- Nolan, D., Dyer, F. and Vaswani, N. (2018). "Just a wee boy not cut out for prison" : Policy and reality in children and young people's journeys through justice in Scotland, Criminology and Criminal Justice, 18(5).
- Scottish Government. (2011). Reintegration and Transitions – Guidance for Local Authorities, Community Planning Partnerships and Service Providers. Edinburgh: Scottish Government.
- Smith, S., Dyer, F. and Connelly, G. (2014). Young Men in Custody: A report on the pathways into and out of prison of young men aged 16 and 17. Glasgow: CYCJ.
- SPS. (2013). Report of the Scottish Prison Service Organisational Review – Unlocking Potential, Transforming Lives. Edinburgh: SPS.