Planning for a young person’s exit from custody and reintegration to their community should start at the point of remand/sentence and must include young people and their families.
The length of sentence will determine how, when and who decides that a young person can be returned to their community. The date in which a young person is released can be:
- Earliest date of liberation (EDL): automatic release date and applies to young people subject to Short Term Case Management (STCM) and enhanced or standard Integrated Case Management (ICM) – see liberation for more information
- Parole qualifying date (PQD): becomes live if the Parole Board for Scotland has deemed a person appropriate for release into the community. Generally only applies to enhanced ICM cases – see release on licence and home detention curfews for more information
Young people are presented to:
- Standard ICM: in HMYOI Polmont to the Case Management Board
- STCM: in HMP & YOI Cornton Vale to the Short Term Case Management Board
Approximately 1-2 weeks prior to liberation or release on a Home Detention Curfew to ensure a plan is in place for the young person’s return to the community
- Enhanced ICM: Case Management Board for a statutory pre-release review approximately 6 weeks prior to liberation to agree post-release supervision arrangements and support
For all young people: a pre-release meeting should be held at least 10 days prior to liberation. This meeting should be chaired by a representative from the local authority where the child ordinarily resides and include the young person, their family (where appropriate), Personal Officer and YOI staff, the Lead Professional and other relevant professionals, including those who will work the young person on release.
All young people should agree a Community Integration Plan (CIP) prior to their release. This will include agreed priorities and identified contacts for community supports upon release. The Lead Professional must be involved in this planning and receive the CIP when the young person is released, which should be reflected in the Child’s Plan.
The National Standards for Youth Justice Provision in Scotland (Centre for Youth and Criminal Justice, 2013) recommend all young people have a throughcare or aftercare plan to support them as a “child in need” under the Children (Scotland) Act 1995. The plan should cover a period of at least three months from the day of departure from custody. The plan should be detailed in the Child’s Plan and reviewed after three months.
Research by Nolan (2015) found 77% of responding Scottish local authorities advised this was always the case. Research by Smith, Dyer and Connelly (2014) highlighted young people’s views on the importance of such plans.
It is the responsibility of the Lead Professional to ensure post-release community supports as detailed in the Child’s Plan are in place and are coordinated (Scottish Government, 2011).
The research findings on effective post-release plans and support as detailed under secure care – transitions also apply to young people leaving custody.
Pre-release preparations may include support from third sector agencies and Scottish Prison Service (SPS) Throughcare Support Officers (TSOs). TSOs work with all young people 6–8 weeks prior to being released and for up to 6–8 weeks after liberation. This will involve liaising with the individual’s identified community supports to provide information about the young person’s time in custody and in some cases, to provide direct support, such as taking young people to appointments and acting as an advocate for them with various partners such as housing and employment.
Prior to release, the Young Offender Institution Health Centre will:
- Make appointments for the young person with community agencies and signpost to relevant services
- Provide the young person with a supply of any necessary non-over the counter medication, a letter for their GP and notification of any outstanding appointments; identify community prescribers; and send treatment plans to continuing care providers
Resources for this page
- Children (Scotland) Act 1995
- Families Outside Time in Custody Information Sheet
- Integrated Case Management Practice Guidance Manual
- Centre for Youth and Criminal Justice (CYCJ). (2013). National Standards for Youth Justice Provision in Scotland (Appendix 1 to Youth Justice in Scotland: a guide to policy, practice and legislation). Glasgow: CYCJ.
- Cochrane, E. (2014). Evaluation of Greenock Prison Throughcare Project. Edinburgh: University of Edinburgh.
- Criminal Justice Family Support Network. (2015). Good Practice Guidance for the Support of Families Affected by Imprisonment. Edinburgh: Families Outside.
- Nolan, D. (2015). Youth Justice: A Study of Local Authority Reintegration and Transitions Practice Across Scotland. Glasgow: CYCJ.
- Sapouna, M., Bisset, C., Conlong, A. and Matthews, B. (2015). What Works to Reduce Reoffending: A Summary of the Evidence. Edinburgh: Scottish Government.
- Scottish Government. (2011). Reintegration and Transitions – Guidance for Local Authorities, Community Planning Partnerships and Service Providers. Edinburgh: Scottish Government.
- Smith, S., Dyer, F. and Connelly, G. (2014). Young Men in Custody: A report on the pathways into and out of prison of young men aged 16 and 17. Glasgow: CYCJ.
- SPS. (2013). Report of the Scottish Prison Service Organisational Review – Unlocking Potential, Transforming Lives. Edinburgh: SPS.