All young people are expected throughout their period in secure care to participate in:
- Education: each young person will have an individualised care and education programme, which will identify and support progress towards educational targets. A range of subjects and planned education activities is available and young people are supported to take exams. Under the Education (Additional Support for Learning) (Scotland) Act 2009, all young people subject to Compulsory Supervision Orders (CSOs) are deemed to have additional support needs which require to be identified and planned for. Young people not subject to CSOs may also have additional support needs. The duties of education authorities and other agencies to develop and review coordinated support plans are set out the legislation detailed in the resources below.
- Recreational and personal activities: may include astroturf pitch, gymnasium, fitness suite, swimming pool, and physical training instructors.
- Programmes identified as part of the Child’s Plan: to address areas of need and risk.
All units are fully staffed and the roles and responsibilities of social care staff include:
- Assessing, supervising, monitoring and supporting young people to promote their wellbeing, protection and development
- Individual and group work with young people to address issues of need and risk, including related to reoffending; develop and maintain supportive relationships; and prepare for transitions and independence
- Maintenance of safe group living environments
- Pro-social modelling
Further information is detailed in the secure care service specification (available from Scotland Excel).
Health and wellbeing
All units have a nurse practitioner and young people have access to dentist, chiropodist and optician and any necessary more specialised health treatments and supports, including mental health supports.
For all young people
Regular reviews of the Individual Placement Agreement and Child’s Plan should be attended by the young person, parents/guardians, staff from the secure unit, Lead Professional and any other relevant professionals. The National Standards for Youth Justice Provision in Scotland (Centre for Youth and Criminal Justice, 2013) recommend reviews for young people in secure care should take place at least monthly. Reviews measure progress against GIRFEC wellbeing indicators and outcomes detailed in the Child’s Plan (see the secure care service specification available from Scotland Excel). Following each review the Lead Professional should update the Child’s Plan.
For sentenced young people
Young people sentenced under section 205(2) or section 208 Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995: in addition to the above, review meetings will be held every three months (or more frequently if required), arranged by the Children and Young Person’s (CYP) Placement Manager. These meetings should be attended by the CYP Placement Manager, the young person, parents/guardians, staff from the secure unit, Lead Professional and any other relevant professionals. Written reports should be provided by all those having immediate responsibility for the young person’s care, and a verbal update from each participant provided at each meeting.
For young people who remain subject to Compulsory Supervision Orders
Reviews should be as detailed in The Looked After Children (Scotland) Regulations 2009.
Any third sector organisations involved with the young person or their family may be involved in reviews and providing updates on progress, future planning, and preparation for release.
Resources for this page
- Education (Additional Support for Learning) (Scotland) Act 2004
- Education (Additional Support for Learning) (Scotland) Act 2009
- Education Scotland
- GIRFEC wellbeing indicators
- The Looked After Children (Scotland) Regulations 2009
- Scotland Excel
- Centre for Youth and Criminal Justice (CYCJ). (2013). National Standards for Youth Justice Provision in Scotland (Appendix 1 to Youth Justice in Scotland: a guide to policy, practice and legislation). Glasgow: CYCJ.
- Moodie, K. (2015). Secure Care in Scotland, a Scoping Study: Developing the measurement of outcomes and sharing good practice. Glasgow: CYCJ.
- Scottish Government. (2015). Practice Guidance: Custody of Children and Young People Convicted in Indictment under section 205(2) or 208 of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995. Edinburgh: Scottish Government.