Information sources

You will now understand the difference between explicit and implicit/tacit knowledge.

Below is a list of information sources and their descriptions.

Bibliographic databases

Electronic indexes of book and journals. They contain document summaries or abstracts and can tell you where the resource was published. Some may also contain a link to full text documents. Examples include Social Care Online and the Campbell Collaboration.

Primary sources

Original data and information. Examples include legislation, policy documents, surveys, opinion polls.

Secondary sources

Literature reviews, reports, text books, reference works (dictionaries and encyclopaedias) and journal articles that develop arguments and analyses based on original information.

Academic journals

Peer reviewed periodicals in which academic research on a particular subject is published. Content usually takes the form of articles presenting original research and reviews.

Audio/visual materials

CDs, DVDs, podcasts, audio books.


Electronic online resources which provide fast access to a diverse range of information worldwide.

Search engines

Search engines are easy to use and are a good way of finding information quickly. Examples include Google and Yahoo.


Many sources of information on a specific discipline available in one place online. An example includes the Workforce Solutions Portal, SSSC.


Private computer networks that organisations use as their internal websites.


Newspapers, television, radio.


Keep in mind that a colleague/friend may have the answer to your question.

Social media

Examples include Twitter, RSS, social bookmarking, communities of practice and blogs.