Adversity: the experience of life events and circumstances which may combine to threaten or challenge healthy development.
Ecological model: a model of child development that highlights the mutual influence and interaction between the child and factors within the family and wider community.
Extrinsic factors: factors at work in the immediate or wider environment such as family and community factors.
Intrinsic factors: inherent characteristics of an individual child such as temperament, sociability etc.
Protective environment: comprises the factors in the child’s environment that act as a buffer to the negative effects of adverse experiences.
Resilience: normal development under difficult conditions.
Vulnerability: innate or acquired characteristics of the child which might threaten or challenge healthy development.
Brigid Daniel is Professor of Child Care and Protection in the Department of Social Work at the University of Dundee. She has a particular interest in factors that help children to cope with adversity.
Sally Wassell is an independent consultant and trainer in childcare and an associate lecturer at Dundee University. Together with Robbie Gilligan, the two wrote Child Development for Child Care and Protection Workers, also published by Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
Copyright © IRISS. All rights reserved.
This learning object is based substantially on material from Daniel & Wassell (2002a, 2002b, and 2002c) which is reproduced and adapted here with permission from Jessica Kingsley (Publishers) Ltd. Copyright © 2002 Brigid Daniel and Sally Wassell. All rights reserved.
Daniel, B. & Wassell, S. (2002a) The Early Years: Assessing and Promoting Resilience in Vulnerable Children 1. London : Jessica Kingsley (Publishers) Ltd.
Daniel, B. & Wassell, S. (2002b) The School Years: Assessing and Promoting Resilience in Vulnerable Children 2. London : Jessica Kingsley (Publishers) Ltd.
Daniel, B. & Wassell, S. (2002c) Adolescence: Assessing and Promoting Resilience in Vulnerable Children 3. London: Jessica Kingsley (Publishers) Ltd.
Copyright © 1999-2005 Getty Images, Inc. All rights reserved.
Some images used with kind permission of Jyn Meyer and Martin Wells