Glossary and Credits
- Adversity: the experience of life events and circumstances which may combine to threaten or challenge healthy development.
- Ecological model: a model of child development that highlights the mutual influence and interaction between the child and factors within the family and wider community.
- Extrinsic factors: factors at work in the immediate or wider environment such as family and community factors.
- Intrinsic factors: inherent characteristics of an individual child such as temperament, sociability etc.
- Protective environment: comprises the factors in the child’s environment that act as a buffer to the negative effects of adverse experiences.
- Resilience: normal development under difficult conditions.
- Vulnerability: innate or acquired characteristics of the child which might threaten or challenge healthy development.
- Daniel, B. and Wassell, S. (2002a) The Early Years: Assessing and Promoting Resilience in Vulnerable Children 1. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
- Daniel, B. and Wassell, S. (2002b) The School Years: Assessing and Promoting Resilience in Vulnerable Children 2. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
- Daniel, B. and Wassell, S. (2002c) Adolescence: Assessing and Promoting Resilience in Vulnerable Children 3. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
- Daniel, B., Wassell, S. and Gilligan, R. (1999) Child Development for Child Care and Protection Workers. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
- Fonagy, P., Steele, M., Steele, H., Higgitt, A. and Target, M. (1994) 'The Emanuel Miller Memorial Lecture 1992: The theory and practice of resilience.'Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 35, 2, 231-257.
- Gilligan, R. (1997) 'Beyond permanence? The importance of resilience in child placement practice and planning.' Adoption and Fostering, 21, 1, 12-20.
- Luthar, S.S. (1991) 'Vulnerability and resilience: a study of high-risk adolescents.' Child Development, 62, 600-612.
- Rutter, M. (1985) 'Resilience in the face of adversity: Protective factors and resistance to psychiatric disorder.' British Journal of Psychiatry, 147, 598-611.
- Werner, E. (1990) 'Protective factors and individual resilience.' In S.Meisels and J. Shonkoff (eds) Handbook of Early Childhood Intervention. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Werner, E.E. and Smith, R.S. (1992) Overcoming the Odds: High Risk Children from Birth to Adulthood. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.
Brigid Daniel is Professor of Child Care and Protection in the Department of Social Work at the University of Dundee. She has a particular interest in factors that help children to cope with adversity.
Sally Wassell is an independent consultant and trainer in childcare and an associate lecturer at Dundee University. Together with Robbie Gilligan, the two wrote Child Development for Child Care and Protection Workers, also published by Jessica Kingsley Publishers.