Getting it right:
Assessments for black and minority ethnic carers and service users

Activity: Scotland’s minority ethnic communities

The purpose of the quiz is to establish your level of knowledge on black and minority ethnic Communities in Scotland. There are nine multiple-choice questions to be answered. As each question is answered more information will be provided here.

Question 1 of 9

According to the 2001 Census, what is the total minority ethnic population of Scotland (to the nearest thousand)?

Answer

The answer is 100,000: the total minority ethnic population of Scotland is 101,677, or 2.01% of the total population. This represents growth of approximately 1% on the 1991 Census data.

Question 2 of 9

Which local authority area has the largest minority ethnic population?

Answer

Glasgow has the largest minority ethnic population (31,522 or 5.4%).

Question 3 of 9

Which local authority area has the smallest minority ethnic population?

Answer

The Orkney Islands have the smallest minority ethnic population [85 or 0.44%].

Question 4 of 9

How many towns reported a zero minority ethnic population?

Answer

The number of towns reporting a zero minority ethnic population was 14.* The Census shows that the largest black and minority ethnic populations have settled in the largely urban and central areas of Scotland where, historically, opportunities for economic advancement have been available. Conversely, where a perception exists that there are fewer opportunities available (such as in rural or island communities), minority ethnic populations have tended to be smaller.

* towns with a population of less than 500 were excluded as it was felt that individuals could be identified

Question 5 of 9

What are the three largest minority ethnic communities in Scotland in order of size?

Answer

Historically, the three largest communities would have been identified as Pakistani, Chinese and Indian. With the entrance of Poland into the European Union, significant numbers of Poles have become resident in Scotland and may now constitute one of the largest ethnic groups.

Question 6 of 9

What percentage of Scotland’s minority ethnic population is aged 60+ (to the nearest percentage point)?

Answer

6.75% of the total minority ethnic population are aged 60+ compared with 21.3% of the white majority community.

Question 7 of 9

What percentage of Scotland’s minority ethnic population are aged under 30 (to the nearest percentage point)?

Answer

The minority ethnic population in Scotland has a significantly younger age structure than the white majority population, with 56.05% of the total minority ethnic population aged under 30 compared with 36.2% of the white majority population.

Question 8 of 9

What percentage of Scotland’s minority ethnic population reported a limiting long-term illness in the 2001 Census (to the nearest percentage point)?

Answer

12.4% of Scotland’s minority ethnic population reported a limiting long-term illness compared with 20.5% of the White majority population.

See the supplementary written material at the end of this activity for more information on this subject.

Question 9 of 9

What is the size of the minority ethnic carer population in Scotland (to the nearest thousand)?

Answer

The total size of Scotland’s minority ethnic carer population as recorded in the 2001 Census is 6,815. The Pakistani community recorded the highest number of informal carers at 2,754.

Conclusion

Whilst the 2001 Census still remains the single most comprehensive source of information on Scotland’s black and minority ethnic communities, the data must be viewed with some caution. The most obvious qualification must be that the Census figures are now five years out of date and we know that there have been significant changes in Scotland’s minority ethnic communities. For example, estimates of the number of new Polish migrants range from 60,000 to 80,000 in Scotland.

Anecdotal evidence from black voluntary sector organisations also raises the possibility that ‘fear of officialdom’ prevented people from completing Census returns that could lead to significant under-reporting.

The next section will look at the role cultural competency can play in working towards more equitable services.